The comparison of adjectives 2

B – Comparison with more – most

positive comparative superlative
difficult more difficult (the) most difficult

all adjectives with more than one syllable (except some adjectives with two syllables – see
2 – 1 to 2 – 4)


C – Irregular adjectives

positive comparative superlative comment
good better best
bad worse worst
much more most uncountable nouns
many more most countable nouns
little less least
little smaller smallest

D – Special adjectives

Some adjectives have two possible forms of comparison (-er/est and more/most).

positive comparative superlative
clever cleverer / more clever cleverest / most clever
common commoner / more common commonest / most common
likely likelier / more likely likeliest / most likely
pleasant pleasanter / more pleasant pleasantest / most pleasant
polite politer / more polite politest / most polite
quiet quieter / more quiet quietest / most quiet
simple simpler / more simple simplest / most simple
stupid stupider / more stupid stupidest / most stupid
subtle subtler / more subtle subtlest / most subtle
sure surer / more sure surest / most sure

E – Difference in meaning with adjectives:

positive comparative superlative comment
far farther farthest distance
further furthest distance or
time
late later latest
latter x
x last
old older oldest people and things
elder eldest people (family)
near nearer nearest distance
x next order

Comparison of adjectives1

Fill in the missing words into the gaps.

There are three forms of comparison:

– positive
– comparative
– superlative


A – Comparison with -er/-est

clean – cleaner – (the) cleanest

We use -er/-est with the following adjectives:

1) Adjectives with one syllable

positive comparative superlative
clean cleaner cleanest
new newer newest
cheap cheaper cheapest

2) Adjectives with two syllables and the following endings:

2 – 1) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -y

positive comparative superlative
dirty dirtier dirtiest
easy easier easiest
happy happier happiest
pretty prettier prettiest

2 – 2) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -er

positive comparative superlative
clever cleverer cleverest

2 – 3) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -le

positive comparative superlative
simple simpler simplest

2 – 4) Adjectives with two syllables, ending in -ow

positive comparative superlative
narrow narrower narrowest

3) Spelling of the adjectives using the endings -er/-est

positive comparative superlative comment
large larger largest leave out the silent -e
big bigger biggest Double the consonant after short vowel
sad sadder saddest
dirty dirtier dirtiest Change -y to -i (consonant before -y)
shy shyer shyest Here -y is not changed to -i.
(although consonant before -y)

Exercises: Countable and Uncountable Nouns

   time –          books –        sugar –       milk –       pens –          hair –             chairs –
   meat –         butter –        pencils –     bread –     jam –           friends –        fingers –
  flour –          apples –       o1. Write c for countable and u for uncountable:
il –             cars –       salt –             houses –          cheese –
  rice –           tea –            games –       tomatoes –    cream –     honey –       carrots –
 a)  a / an + singular countable noun ( a pen, an apple)     some  + plural countable nouns – positive sentences ( There are some cars)
                                                                                      some +  uncountable nouns – positive sentences  ( There is some oil)
  any – we use any in negative sentences and in most questions.(countable and uncountable nouns)  I don’t have any pens. There isn’t any salt.
           Do you have any sisters?
2. Choose a, an, some or any
a)  It is any/some/a/an dog.                             b) Have you got any/some/a/an  friends?            c)  I bought a/an/some/any milk.
d) Linda has not got a/any/some/an pets.  e) There is any/some/a/an orange on the table. f) Tim eats a/an/some/any cheese every day.
g) We don’t have  a/an/some/any bread.    h) My brother found a/an/some/any money.  i) My sister found a/an/some/any pen.
j) Do you have a/an/some/any eggs?             k) There are a/an/some/any students in the classroom.   l) Is there a/an/some/any pencil on the desk?
 b) how much – we use with uncountable nouns               how many – we use with countable nouns.
3. Choose How  much or How many
a)  How much/How many cheese do you buy?
b) How much/How many books are there in your bag?
c) How much/How many films did Tom see last week?
) How much/How many money do you spend every week?
e) How much/How many friends does Linda have?
f) How much/How many sugar do we need?
g) How much/How many tomatoes are there in the fridge?
h) How much/How many meat are you going to buy?
i) How much/How many milk did you drink yesterday?
j) How much/How many apples do you see?
4.

ecide whether these nouns are countable (C) or uncountable (U)

  1. The children are playing in the garden.                             C              U
  2. I don’t like milk.                             C              U
  3. I prefer tea.                             C              U
  4. Scientists say that the environment is threatened by pollution.                             C              U
  5. My mother uses butter to prepare cakes.                             C              U
  6. There are a lot of windows in our classroom.                             C              U
  7. We need some glue to fix this vase.                             C              U
  8. The waiters in this restaurant are very professional.                             C              U
  9. My father drinks two big glasses of water every morning.                             C              U
  10. The bread my mother prepares is delicious.                             C              U
  11. Drivers must be careful; the road is slippery.                             C              U
  12. Some policemen are organizing road traffic to avoid any accidents.                             C              U
  13. I bought three bottles of mineral water for our picnic.                             C              U
  14. I’d like some juice please!                             C              U
  15. Successful candidates will join the camp later this year.                             C              U
  16. A rise in oil prices is inevitable since there is more and more world demand for energy.                             C              U
  17. The exercises on this website are interesting.                             C              U
  18. Dehydrated babies must drink a lot of water.                             C              U
  19. Adult illiterates learn through a special government program.                                 C                U               
  20. I met some nice people when I was walking along the beach.                             C              U
5.

   or      ?

jam

countableuncountable bread countableuncountable      pie countableuncountable

pumkin

countableuncountable cheese countableuncountable  apple countableuncountable

       Look at the picture and complete using “there is” or “there are” (aff/int/neg)

 626_csd-bearsdayout1-

 two bears at the coffee house. They are having a great time.  two glasses of cold coffee on the table but  a sugar pot. Look!  a cup cake…it is delicious! And… a jar!

What  in the jar? I’m not sure but maybe some grains of coffee.
What do you think?

              

      Look at the pictures and choose the right answer

 C81_food A bear is drinking a/an/some/any/tea and the other is drinking a/an/some/any coffee.
They aren’t drinking  a/an/some/any milk.

They are eating a/an/some/any cookies. They aren’t eating aansomeanyapple.

There is a/an/some/any plate with a lot of cookies.

There isn’t a/an/some/any bottle of water on the table.    

1EE_food1The bears are having lunch. A bear is eating a/an/some/any hamburger

 and a/an/some/any fries, the other bear is eating aansomeany piece of pizza. They are drinking a/an/some/any Coke.
They aren’t eating a/an/some/any meat.

There is a/an/some/any bottle of ketchup and aansomeany bottle of mustard

on the table.