Քայլք Կոնդում՝ կոնդեցի արվեստագետի ուղեկցությամբ

Հունվարի 30-ին, ժամը 13։30 հանդիպում  հայկական ծագումով ֆրանսիացի նկարիչ, քանդակագործ Նաիրի Գրիգորյանի հետ։

Հանդիպման վայրը՝ Պռոշյան-Լեո անկյուն։

Ծանոթանում ենք արվեստագետի կենսագրությանը, կարդում՝ Մարինա Բախտագուլյանի հոդվածը՝ արվեստագետի մասին։ «Հիմա վերադարձել եմ Կոնդ, ապրում եմ մեր հին տանը` նույն տունն է, նույն աստիճանները` ինչպես կար 50 տարի առաջ»

Մասնակիցներ՝ Մարինե Մխիթարյան, Ռիմա Քեքեջյան, Հայկուհի Հովհաննիսյան և 5-րդ ջոկատ։

Քայլք հայկական հին բնակավայր Կոնդում, հյուրընկալում արվեստագետի տանը, ծանոթացում արվեստագետի կյանքին, գործունեությանը, նկարներին։

Արդյունքը ներկայացնել հարցազրույցի, տեսաձայնագրության, պատումների միջոցով։

Նախապես անգլերեն լեզվով ծանոթանալ Կոնդին, սովորել նոր բառեր և արտահայտություններ,  իրականացնել անգլերեն լեզվով էքսկուրսիա՝ փոքրիկ գիդ-թարգմանիչների ուղեկցությամբ։

The population of Kond soon became multi ethnic, when approximately one hundred Armenian Boshas (Roma) moved to the hill. Because of the influence of its prior residents, several structures may still be seen that were once Ottoman/Persian/Muslim houses, a mosque, and other buildings that still exhibit such architectural characteristics. The Tepebaşı or Thapha Bashi Mosque was likely built in 1687 during the Safavid dynasty. Today, only the 1.5 meter-thick walls and sections of its outer perimeter roof still stand. The main dome collapsed in the 1960s. After the Armenian Genocide of 1915, many refugees fleeing their homeland came to make Kond their new home. The mosque served as a place of refuge for seventeen of the families, some of whose descendants (five families) still live there to this day. Many of Kond’s narrow winding streets and alleyways are only three to four feet wide with irrigation ditches to either side. Walls of houses were originally constructed of clay and small stones, which were often built on top of one another without utilities. Today, older homes are being replaced by modern ones, leaving one of Yerevan’s only relatively intact older neighborhoods in jeopardy.

 

Kond is an Armenian word that means a long hil. It is one of the oldest quarters of Yerevan. It is situated within the boundaries of the modern-day Kentron District of the capital of Armenia. According to Hovhannes Shahkhatunyants, an Armenian historian, Kond is located at the western and southern hillsides and foot of a rocky hill with similar name. Its western border has historically been the Hrazdan River, and its northern border, the Kozern Cemetery.

Kond, meaning “long hill” in Armenian, so named because of its higher elevation in relation to the surrounding areas. The quarter was also known as Tepebashi (Turkic: tepe – hill, baş – head, top; “top of the hill”) while Yerevan was under Persian rule.

The population of Kond became multi ethnic because of the Ottoman, Persian influences. Also approximately one hundred Armenian Boshas moved to the hill. You can see Ottoman, Persian Muslim houses and a mosque.

 

Ethnic composition of Yerevan, 1830
Quarter Armenians Tatars Bosha Total
Indigenous Persian Ottoman
Shahar 998 1,111 30 3,199 n/a 5,338
Kond 1,176 374 18 2,537 195 4,300
Demirbulagh n/a 230 n/a 1,595 n/a 1,825
Yerevan 2,174 1,715 48 7,331 195 11,463
3,937

The remains of Tepebashi mosque of Kond

 

The Tepebaşı or Thapha Bashi Mosque was likely built in 1687 during the Safavid dynasty. Today, only the 1.5 meter-thick walls and sections of its outer perimeter roof still stand. The main dome collapsed in the 1960s  though a smaller dome still stands. Surp Hovhannes Church (Saint John the Baptist Church) was built in the 15th century at the northern end of Kond. After being damaged by a huge earthquake in 1679, it was rebuilt in 1710 by Melik Aghamalyan to serve as his family’s private chapel. Writer and historian Edvard Avagyan notes that, “Kond is our history. In the 17th century many of those who founded Old Yerevan lived here. The famous Aghamalyan dynasty lived in Kond.” In 1837, Czar Nikolai I of Russia visited the house of the Balackachov family in Kond. After the Armenian Genocide of 1915, many refugees fleeing their homeland came to make Kond their new home. 

Old narrow winding streets of Kond.

Walls of houses were originally constructed of clay and small stones, which were often built on top of one another without utilities.

Today, many older homes are being replaced by modern ones.

 

 

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